Roofing Repair and Service or Installation

A weather-tight roof is basic to the preservation of your home, no matter how old or new it is. The roof sheds rain, shades the sun and serves as a general buffer from the weather.

During different architectural periods in the history of the United States, a variety of roofing materials were used, such as clay tiles, slate, copper, tin and asbestos. Common roofing materials are listed below. Each variety of roof has different features and expected life spans. Being aware of the general facts concerning your roof will help you to budget for future replacement or repairs.

Material Maintenance Life Span
Asphalt Shingles Little at first, but over the years some shingles begin to curl, crack and lose their surface coatings. Not difficult to repair or replace 15 to 30 years under temperate weather conditions. Better-quality asphalt shingles carry 25-year guar¬antees. Life span is also affected by the color of the shingles. Light colored roofs tend to last longer than dark colored ones.
Wood Shingles and Shakes Unsealed types sometimes tend to rot, warp, split and soon weather to a soft gray. Not difficult to repair or replace. 20 years or more for shingles; up to 35 years for shakes if maintained well.
Slate, Clay Tiles An occasional cracked or chipped tile may need repair. The life span of your house, pro¬vided you make repairs before the underlying layer of sheathing is damaged.
Roll Roofing Lightweight, single-layer installations fail frequently, but repairs are very easy From 5 to 15 years. With short-term warranties, ask if the company will come back for patching.
Tin Roofing May need periodic painting, especially if it comes in contact with any other metal Tin roofs are very durable and last for many decades but their cost can be considerable.

The life span given for each type of roof in Table 1 is dependent upon regular maintenance and checks. Each roof, regardless of the materials used, has features which must be continually maintained and checked.

Checklist for the Roof

RIDGE SHINGLES. These shingles, located on the crest of the roof, often fail first. Look for cracks and wind damage. A leak here could show up almost anywhere in the house.

FLASHING.  Flashing is metal strips which provide the transition between two different kinds of surfaces and binds them together, offering additional protection against leakage. It is located in valleys or around protrusions on the roof such as vents or chimneys. Check all flashing. It should be tight, rust-free, and sealed with roofing cement, which can also be used to repair minor leaks around flashing.

VALLEYS. Valleys, where two slopes meet to help direct runoff into gutters, are another place where deterioration soon causes problems. If there is flashing in the valleys, make sure that it is tight fitting and without holes or rust.

ROOF AND SOFFIT VENTS. Be sure that your attic is properly ventilated. Consult a manual or a professional to determine the proper vent system for your home.

SHINGLES.  Check for loose, curled-up, or missing shingles which will admit moisture that could weaken the underlying sheathing and harm walls and ceilings below. If branches hit your roof during storms or high winds, they need to be trimmed back in order to avoid damaging the shingles.

GRANULES IN THE GUTTER. A large accumulation of granules in the gutter means that your roof is losing its coating. Your roof may need to be replaced soon. Consult with a professional.

LEAKS. Check for water stains on framing, sheathing, and insulation in the attic and on the roof. Leaks usually originate higher up than the area where they first appear.

NOTE: Do not go up on your roof when it is raining, it will be slippery. Be careful around wiring and the electrical service; contact the electrical company for advice if you need to work close to the electrical service. Also, use extra care when placing and climbing ladders.

108C N W 122nd, Okc. OK., 73114 : Ph: 405-751-8300 Fax 405-751-8305 :: Site Design by Kinetic Servers